Existing silent cooperation has been low for months, according to the authors of the Guardian article.
Last updated on Sunday, 31 January 2021 at 21:19 GMT
An opportunity for a fresh start between Saudi Arabia and Iran presented through the presidency of Joe Biden, two Saudi and Iranian leaders close to their diplomatic leaders propose today in an article by the Guardian.
The article is co-written by Abdulaziz Sager, Saudi president and founder of the Gulf Research Center, and Hossein Mousavian, a former high-level Iranian diplomat and now a nuclear specialist at Princeton University.
His proposals are the result of a track 2, or backchannel initiative that has been underway for months.
Their discussions are one of the few ongoing bureaucracies of personal discussion between Saudi Arabia and Iran, and to the extent that their discussions have been ended through diplomats serving in any of the capitals, the initiative would possibly sign a new willingness on both sides to use advent. Biden presidency to explore the end of years of enmity between the two countries.
In an interview with Iran’s reform newspaper Etemaad last week, Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif called for a new approach and claimed that opportunities for discussion had been missed with Riyadh, adding that it is imperative that Iran be the company’s pioneer.
He stated that “we have no territorial claims or interest in accessing the herbal resources of other countries in the region; it is Iran that can initiate this effort from a position of wealth. We mustn’t wait for others. “
Sager and Moussavian warn of the consequences if Saudi Arabia and Iran continue to conflict, writing that “we remain at the mercy of a single-calculation error that may be the long bloodless war between our hot states, potentially with disastrous consequences for the entire region. “
They say the other countries see others as a quest for dominance in the region, with Riyadh convinced that Iran seeks to encirify the kingdom with its allies, while Tehran sees Saudi Arabia as an alliance with the United States to undermine the Islamic Republic.
“Riyad accuses Iran of interfering in the internal affairs of sovereign states such as Yemen, Syria, Lebanon, Bahrain and Iraq; Tehran sees Saudi Arabia doing the same in the same countries. “
They urge both sides to agree, perhaps with the assistance of the United Nations, a set of principles relating to non-interference, inviolability of national borders, rejection of violence, respect for the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations and respect for devout minorities. and the abandonment of the use of power forces to publicize national interests. Principles also the relaxed movement of oil and shipping and the rejection of the acquisition of weapons of mass destruction.
The authors note: “Deferral of de-scalding would be a serious mistake, as the region has continually shown that in rare events where opportunities for constructive discussion arise, they will need to be temporarily exploited before disappearing. “
They admit that the task might seem impossible, but they say that both sides have taken steps to show that they are willing to an inevitable zero-sum confrontation, for example by cooperating discreetly to facilitate iranian Muslim participation in the hajj pilgrimage.
On Thursday, French President Emmanuel Macron said Saudi Arabia might have to be concerned about any follow-up to the Iran nuclear deal signed through Iran, the United States, 3 European powers, China and Russia. The United States and Iran return to mutual respect for the agreement, followed by discussions about Iran’s relations with its regional neighbors.